What are the advantages of using the pistol?
The pistol is one of the most popular exercises among bodybuilders. The pistol exercise can be used for many reasons: it is effective for building muscle mass; it improves balance and coordination; it develops strength in all three limbs (legs, back, shoulders); and it builds endurance.
How do I perform a pistol? How much weight should I use? What type of bar should I use?
A good way to start with the pistol is to perform a few sets of 10 reps at a moderate weight. Then gradually increase the weight until you can no longer complete 10 reps without stopping. You may choose between two types of bars: free weights or plates. Free weights are easier to get hold of, but they tend not to produce as much resistance when performing heavy repetitions. When using plates, you need to keep your hands well away from the plate so that you don’t tear them.
I have heard that using a weighted vest will improve my pistol performance.
Is this true?
Weighted vests are often recommended for athletes because they provide extra support during training sessions and competitions. However, there is little scientific evidence to show whether wearing such a vest actually improves the results of any exercise performed while wearing it. For example, many people believe that wearing a weighted vest during squats increases the training stimulus for the muscles in the thighs. However, there is little evidence to support this claim.
While a weighted vest may provide extra support during pistol squats, it may also cause you to over-stretch. The extra weight may throw your body out of balance and cause you to lean forward excessively.
Do I need to do stretching before doing pistols?
It is important to warm up before any exercise. While you may feel more flexible after doing pistol exercises, research has shown that the risk of injuries is higher in people who do not warm-up before they train. As a general rule, you should always take a few minutes to perform an adequate warm-up before all training sessions.
Which muscles does the pistol work out?
The pistol mainly works several muscles on the front of your thighs (quadriceps). It also works your core (abs), back and shoulders to a lesser degree.
What are the main drawbacks of using the pistol?
The main drawback of using the pistol is that it places a lot of strain on your tendons and ligaments. Over time, this can lead to injuries in the patella and the knee joint. In some cases, this can even cause tendon tears. This risk is greater for beginner athletes who lack proper form and alignment when performing the exercise.
How can I avoid injuries when doing the pistol?
Always keep proper form and technique when performing the exercise. This will help you to exert force through your feet, without placing excess force on your knees and patella. A lack of flexibility may also increase your chances of sustaining an injury. You should always take time to warm up and cool down before and after training your lower body. Also, you should perform stretching exercises for your upper and lower body to improve your flexibility. It is also important to note that some medical conditions may make this exercise more dangerous for some people.
What if I don’t have a partner to help me?
It is fairly easy to find a suitable surface to hold on to when performing the pistol. All you need is a waist-high horizontal bar, such as a thick tree branch. It is best to perform this exercise outdoors. If you do not have easy access to an outdoor area, then you should find another person at your local gym who has access to their own equipment. Before you start any new exercise regime, you should speak to your doctor first.
Is it better to use a machine or the bar for doing pistols?
Both exercises are effective at strengthening your lower body. However, some machines may lack the necessary flexibility to allow you to safely perform the exercise. For example, some leg extension machines do not allow you to place your feet close enough to the machine to perform the exercise.
How do I choose the right weight?
A weight belt might help to boost your strength and give you confidence when performing the exercise. However, it is best to start with a light weight with each hand (e.g. 1-3lbs) in case you need to drop the dumbbells quickly. It is also important not to strain your muscles by picking up heavy dumbbells if you are a beginner.
What if I don’t have a bar to perform the exercise?
If you do not have access to a suitable bar or machine then you can use a chair. Stand behind a sturdy, straight-backed chair. Place your palms on the back of the chair and bend your legs until your thighs are almost parallel to the ground. Make sure that your knees are aligned with your feet. Always perform the exercise at a speed and intensity that is appropriate for your fitness level.
Can I do this exercise on my knees?
Yes, you can kneel on one knee while supporting yourself on the other foot and the horizontal bar. Keep low and avoid using jerky or fast movements as this may cause strain or injury to your knees. The exercise should only be performed in a slow and controlled manner.
Is it better to spread my stance or narrow it?
Squat down slowly and grab the back of the chair. Once you are in a stable position, use your arms to pull yourself up until your legs are fully extended. Hold this position for a moment, re-gather your bearings and then slowly lower yourself back down. Your knees should remain aligned with your feet at all times. Make sure that you do not push yourself too hard.
Beginners may find it beneficial to keep their feet in line with their knees when performing the exercise. This helps take the pressure off your knee joints and places more emphasis on your quadriceps muscles. As you become more experienced, you can move your feet further forward until they are at a right angle to your thighs.
This allows you to pick up your knees and flex your ankles for a higher jump.
Is it better to jump or just bend my legs?
Start by jumping just an inch or two off the ground. Focus on keeping your body as straight as possible. Your back should remain as straight as a board and you should avoid leaning forward or back. Bend at the knees and hips while keeping your head up and chest out. This will protect your lower back and help to take pressure off your knees. As you become more experienced, you can increase the height of your jumps.
If you are a beginner with sore or weak knees you might prefer to keep your legs almost straight when jumping. This can help to take the pressure off your joints. As you become more experienced and your knees become stronger, you can gradually begin to bend your legs until your are able to perform the exercise in the traditional manner.
Is it better to just bend my legs or jump?
Because you can jump higher than you can bend your legs, it is best to begin by trying the jump technique first. If you find that you cannot jump high enough to grab the bar, then you should try bending your legs until you can reach it. As your leg muscles become stronger and more powerful, you will eventually be able to jump high enough to grab the bar.
Why are my knees hurting?
If your knees hurt when performing this exercise then there are a few things that you can do. Begin by making sure that you are bending at the hips and knees and not jerking your body upwards. Always perform the exercise in a slow and controlled manner.
Make sure that you are not placing too much pressure on your knees when bending down to grab the bar. It can help if you place a footstool or similar item underneath the bar to bring it within easier reach.
As your leg muscles become stronger and more powerful, your knees will stop hurting. Performing knee strengthening exercises (such as the ones listed in the Knee Pain section) can also help to strengthen the muscles around your knee joints and help to take the pressure off them when you perform the exercise.
Can I do other exercises to make this one easier?
No, because the muscle and strength gains you achieve when performing these exercises will make the basic movement much easier. Attempting other exercises could lead to muscular imbalances, joint pain and injury.
I get sweaty hands and find it hard to grip the bar – any tips?
Try wiping your hands or dipping them in water before performing the exercise. If you are worried about slippery bars in public gyms you could always take some hand lotion or similar to coat the bars.
I don’t have anyone to spot me – can I still do the exercise?
If you are unsure about your ability to do this exercise without a spot then you should not be attempting it. Ask someone to spot you or try performing the exercise with your legs slightly bent. This will reduce the range of motion and make the exercise slightly easier. Only attempt it without a spot if you are confident in your abilities.
How do I get my legs higher when attempting this exercise?
There are a few things that you can do to achieve this. First, you need to make sure that your technique is perfect and you are jumping as high as you can. As your leg muscles get stronger, you will be able to jump higher. Try performing the exercise a few times every day until you are able to reach the bar more easily. You can also try performing the eccentric step-ups described elsewhere in this guide.
How long should I rest between sets?
There is no set time limit for how long you should rest. You should rest for however long you feel you need in order to perform each subsequent rep without jeopardizing your form.
What if I can’t do this exercise due to an injury?
If you are suffering from an ankle, knee or hip injury then you should not do this exercise. If you suffer from back pain then you should perform the exercise only if you are experienced in proper squat form and feel no discomfort. If you have any doubts about your ability to perform the exercise safely then you should consult a physician before performing it.
What if I can’t do this exercise at all?
If you can’t perform the exercise at all then you should start off by practicing the eccentric step-downs described elsewhere in this guide. Once you can comfortably perform 5 reps of the 20 step-down reps with your right leg, repeat the process with your left leg. Once you can comfortably perform 5 reps of the 20 step-down reps with your left leg, move on to the 10×10 step-ups. Start off by performing the exercise slowly and with very little weight if necessary. Increase the weight gradually and aim to reach the point where you are performing 10×10 reps with your right leg within three sets and your left leg within two sets.
How can I make the exercise harder?
Once you can comfortably perform the 10×10 step-ups described above you can increase the difficulty of the exercise in a few ways. You can increase the weight you are lifting by either holding weights in your hands or putting them in a backpack and wearing it during the exercise. You can also increase the steepness of the step by placing a platform on top of some books to make it higher.
STABILITY BALL EXERCISES
Why should I use a stability ball?
Stability, balance and coordination are all vital for an athlete. These exercises will help improve all of these vital functions.
What equipment do I need?
Aside from a stability ball you will also need a chair and a bottle of water for some of the exercises.
Why does this exercise program only focus on core and balance?
While there are many other important parts of fitness such as cardiovascular training, an exercise program focused on these aspects would be too complex to administer to a large number of people. By keeping the exercise program focused on core and balance exercises, it will be much easier to provide detailed instructions to a wider range of individuals.
What does this program have to do with sports?
The core is one of the most vital parts of the body for athletes. Keeping it strong can significantly improve performance in a variety of sports as well as preventing injury.
What is the core?
The core is a term used to describe the center of your body. It consists of the muscles of the abdomen and lower back, but also includes the muscles that surround your hips and waist.
Should I perform these exercises every day?
No. You should only perform this program 3-4 times per week on non-consecutive days with at least one day of rest in between each workout. You should also never do these exercises when you are already tired if you wish to obtain the best results.
Why is this program divided into levels?
The exercises in this program are divided into three levels of difficulty. These levels are designed to bring beginners up to an intermediate level of fitness and allow them to fully experience the benefits that come with it. After achieving this level, some individuals may choose to stop while others may opt to continue. Those who continue will find the exercises become more challenging as their fitness levels improve.
Why is the program so hard?
I can’t do it!
Don’t panic! The first couple of times you try these exercises you may find them to be more difficult than you expected. This is completely normal.
You will probably find that each time you do the workouts you will find them easier and easier.
Should I stretch before or after I do this program?
It is recommended that you perform a light warm-up before you start the core exercises described here and a cool down after you are finished. This helps prepare your body for the activity and relieves tension after you are finished which can prevent soreness the next day. Please see the Stretching section for details about specific stretches.
What should I eat before and after these exercises?
It is best to eat a meal that is rich in protein and carbohydrates. A few examples of these are a chicken salad, skim milk and a bowl of oats.
Why does my stomach hurt when I do these exercises?
Stomach discomfort can be caused by a few different things. The first thing you should do is check the food you ate before you started. If you ate something just before your workout, give it time to settle. If it doesn’t resolve itself then you may have a condition known as exercise-induced stomach syndrome (also known as dyspepsia).
Exercise-induced stomach syndrome (EISS) is the medical term used to describe the irritation and pain of the stomach that can sometimes occur during or after exercise. It is not a serious condition but it can be very uncomfortable. The exact mechanism that causes EISS is not known but several factors can make it more likely or worse such as eating too close to exercise, exercising in an unusual position or eating something that doesn’t sit well.
One theory about why it occurs is that when you exercise, blood flow is directed more to your muscles instead of your digestive system. Because of this, the food that was in your stomach sits and stays there longer than normal causing it to be more dilute. This can cause increased contractions of the smooth muscle in the digestive system causing pain and spasms.
The best way to treat EISS is to simply give it time to resolve itself by stopping the activity that is causing it and waiting. If this does not work then drinking a glass of milk and eating a light snack can help. Eating a full meal is not recommended as it will simply sit in your stomach.
Some people have had luck drinking a glass of water, waiting for the pain to subside then going back to their activity.
If the pressure continues to increase even after you have stopped the activity that caused it then you may need to see a doctor. There are some medical procedures that can be performed to correct this condition however these are rare. Most doctors will simply have you change what you ate before your workout.
They may also recommend that you exercise in a different manner for a while as this can help clear things up.
Does stretching really prevent injuries?
Medical evidence is inconclusive on this topic. Some studies show that static stretching before exercise can increase your chance of injury while other studies show that it can reduce your chance of injury. The problem with most of these studies is that they did not hold many other factors equal. In other words, there were other things that the researchers did not control for that could have been the true cause of the differences they found. Until more research is done, it seems that common sense and precaution should be used when it comes to stretching.
Why does my ham string tighten up during certain stretches?
There are a few reasons why this can occur.
The first and most common reason is because you are not warming up before stretching. As your muscles and connective tissues are like wires, they can become stretched out of place easier than the more solid muscles. By warming up first, you increase blood flow to the muscles which helps them loosen up and also increases the elasticity of the tendons and ligaments surrounding them.
The second reason is that your stretching technique is poor. This is more common that you would think, especially with beginners who do not know the importance of technique and how it can affect your muscles.
The third reason is that you are pushing past the pain barrier. Pain is your bodies way of telling you to stop. By stretching past this point, you can injure the muscle or even the connective tissue beyond repair.
Why does my IT band tighten up during certain stretches?
The most common reasons are the same as above. Most people do not stretch properly before exercise and they try to stretch past the pain barrier causing injury. I have also seen instances where runner’s knee was actually attributable to poor hip flexibility. As your knees are in almost perpetual flexion when running, if your hips are not flexible enough this constant bending can cause the problems in the knees. (
See Is Kickboxing good for your joints?
for more on running related injuries)
Is stretching just as good during a cool down?
This is a question that is still under debate in the scientific community. Most studies have to date shown no decrease in injury rates when static stretching was performed after exercise versus not stretching at all after exercise. However, other studies have suggested that it can improve performance. So, as with most things in life the answer is “it depends”. If your goal is to improve performance then static stretching post exercise will help however if your goal is to avoid injury then it will do nothing to prevent this and may actually hurt you as mentioned above.
As always the best thing to do is listen to your body. Most people will stretch before and after exercise as it makes them feel good mentally and they feel more limber. If you suffer no injuries then there is no problem however if you begin to experience any strains or pains it may be time to re-evaluate your stretching techniques.
Stretching, like most things in life, can be a double edged sword. While it may make you feel good mentally, if not performed correctly it can actually weaken your muscles and cause more problems than it cures. If you have any concerns about your current stretching regime speak to a medical professional.
Dynamic stretching is the type of stretching most people are familiar with. It is often called warmup stretching as that is what it is designed to do, warmup the muscles and make them limber for physical activity. It increases the range of movement and prepares the body for activity.
The most common dynamic stretches are arm swings, leg swings, torso twists and ankle rotations. Most dynamic stretches involve moving a body part through it’s full range of motion multiple times often with some sort of repetition movement such as knee bending for hip and leg stretches.
Isometric stretching is designed to stretch muscles without actually moving them through a full range of motion. This type of stretching is done by generating muscle tension without actually stretching the muscles at all and holding the position. Isometric stretching is often used by athletes as part of their warmup routine.
The most common isometric stretches are pushups and pullups. Both of these exercises can be performed in a manner that stretches a lot of the major muscles in the body giving it a full range of motion stretch. This type of stretching has many advantages for athletes.
The first advantage is that it can be performed anywhere. All you need is some floor space and you can perform an isometric stretch. This type of stretching also enables athletes to warmup with a minimum of disruption to their daily routine, an important factor in the sports world.
Finally, isometric stretching increases muscle flexibility without any risk of straining a muscle or tendon, unlike dynamic stretching which can sometimes lead to injury if not performed carefully. It is believed to increase strength by preparing the muscles for activity and can also decrease the chance of injury by preparing the muscles for the exact activity they are about to engage in.
Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) stretching is another type of dynamic stretching technique which is designed to improve flexibility.
Isometric stretching is not without its disadvantages however. It is difficult to know how much tension to put into each stretch, too much or too little will not enable the muscle to stretch and can lead to a less than ideal workout. Isometric stretching also requires a great deal of focus, anyone who has done isometric stretching before knows that it is very easy to get side-tracked and if your concentration wavers you could put your muscles through a lot of unnecessary pain.
It is based on the concept that stretching a muscle helps it to remember a longer length. How PNF achieves this is by first contracting a muscle is a strong manner then immediately stretching it in the desired direction.
PNF stretching involves three stages. The first stage involves passively stretching the muscle to the longest length it can comfortably go, then holding that position for 10-15 seconds.
PNF stretching, which works in a similar way to isometric stretching involves a partner who helps you through the stretches. The partner provides resistance against the stretch by applying pressure to the muscle being stretched. This type of stretching is ideal for people who need extra help in stretching muscles and tendons.
The resistance enables them to stretch the muscle without having to use their own strength and risking injury. The second stage involves contracting the muscle that you are stretching for about five seconds. Then, in the third stage you stretch the muscle again but this time it should go further than before and you should hold that position for 10-15 seconds.
PNF stretching has been proven to be more effective than traditional static stretching at improving range of motion.
The three stages of PNF stretching are:
1. The first stage is the “inhibit” stage, this involves short quick stretches of about 2 seconds with about 40% resistance applied to the muscle being stretched.
2. The second stage is the “acclimate” stage, this involves longer (about 4-5 seconds) and deeper (about 70-80%) stretching of the muscle.
3. The third stage is the “extend” stage, this involves shorter (about 2-3 seconds) and lighter (about 30%) stretches of the muscle.
PNF stretching is a good form of dynamic stretching as it actively engages all the muscles and tendons therefore preparing them for the activity they are about to engage in. Since PNF allows muscles to be stretched in a slow and gradual manner it reduces the risk of injury.
Although it is ideal for warming up, anytime is a good time to do some stretching. Before you go to sleep at night is a great time to do some stretches as it helps muscles and tendons recover after a days work or play.
It is important to note that stretching before a sporting activity will not improve performance. This is due to the fact that muscles and tendons need to be warmed up before they can perform at their best as a cold muscle or tendon can be prone to injury as it will not be as pliable as a warm one. So although stretching is important, it is more important to stretch after an activity.
For people who are not used to stretching or have never done it before it is recommended that you get a partner to help you as you may injure yourself if you do the stretches incorrectly. As you become more experienced in doing the stretches they will become easier and you will be able to do them yourself.
Stretching should be done on a daily basis for maximum benefit. This is because stretching causes tiny tears within the muscles which, after a days rest, allow them to grow bigger and stronger than they were before. People who stretch on a regular basis also recover much quicker from injuries or illnesses.
The following are a few tips to ensure you get the most out of your stretching routine:
1. Never bounce while stretching.
This can cause tiny tears within the muscles and tendons which can lead to injury.
2. Hold your stretch for at least 30 seconds, this will not only increase the benefits but it also ensures that you are holding the stretch long enough to enable you to feel the benefits.
3. Try to stretch daily, even if it is for a few minutes.
Stretching daily ensures that you will feel the maximum benefits.
4. Stretch gently but firmly.
This means that you should feel a pull in the muscle but not so much that it hurts. Never stretch to the point of pain as this can lead to injury.
5. If you feel any sharp or shooting pains while stretching then stop immediately and try again another day.
6. As you get older (over 40) you will find that your muscles and tendons become less pliable, therefore you will need to stretch more frequently.
By adhering to these tips you can be sure that you will get the most out of your stretching routine. By doing so you will increase your flexibility, reduce your risk of injury and will become all round more supple.
Sources & references used in this article:
The Best Lower Body Body-weight Exercises by A Edwards – 2020 – sport.cam.ac.uk
Handgun prohibition and the original meaning of the Second Amendment by DB Kates – Michigan Law Review, 1983 – JSTOR
Pulsed power for electric guns by IR McNab – IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 1997 – ieeexplore.ieee.org