3 Steps to Assessing Pain: Are You Hurt or Are You Injured

Are you hurt or injured?

The question is whether you are hurt or not.

If you are, then what do you mean by “injured”? Is it your knee? Your ankle? Or something else?

What does it mean if I say I am injured? What does it mean if someone says they are injured?

These two statements may have different meanings depending upon the context in which they appear.

Injuries are defined as any condition that prevents one from performing normal activities. For example, a broken bone might prevent someone from walking normally; however, if they were to get up and walk around the block again without assistance, they would probably feel fine. A person’s physical condition can affect their ability to perform certain tasks such as driving a car or working at a job. Some injuries require medical attention while others don’t.

There are many ways in which an individual can become injured. One way is through a fall, another is when someone hits their head against something hard enough to cause a concussion or even worse, they hit their brain with too much force causing them to lose consciousness. Other injuries include being struck by a vehicle or falling off of something like a ladder. Some people do not think about the fact that even an illness can result in an injury if, for example, one becomes dehydrated while participating in an outdoor activity such as hiking. Injuries can cause pain and in some cases permanent damage to a person’s body or mind if they are not treated properly.

Injuries come in all shapes and sizes; however, understanding the difference between being hurt or injured is important. If, for example, you trip and fall on an object on the ground and you break your arm, you would say that you are injured rather than hurt. It is important to remain calm and assess the situation in order to get help if necessary. One should not try to do anything too strenuous such as trying to lift a heavy object off of themselves. Rushing yourself to the emergency room in order to get checked out is a good idea.

If you are unable to move, staying in the same place is probably not a good idea as you could slowly lose blood. A person’s chances of surviving decreases by 10% with each hour that passes before they receive medical attention.

When it comes to being hurt or injured, many individuals do not think about the difference between these two words. It is important to get professional help right away if you are injured as this can help to prevent any future problems from occurring. Some people are very stoic and prefer to suffer in silence rather than getting help. All that this does is make the situation worse and it might prevent you from doing certain activities in the future.

There are many types of injuries such as an abrasion or something more serious such as a broken bone or even a laceration. Dehydration can also be a serious condition that should be treated right away. While it may not seem like a big deal, dehydration can kill a person if they do not get medical attention immediately.

There are many different places that one can go in order to get treatment for an injury. The emergency room is probably the best place to go because they have trained professionals that can help you right away. There are some downsides to going to the emergency room and this is mainly the cost as it can be expensive. This is why some people choose to go to a walk in clinic. While these are good places to get treatment, they do not have the same level of expertise that one would find at the emergency room.

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Some of these clinics do have a fee while others will require you to have medical insurance in order to get treatment.

In some cases, it might be best to just tough out the injury especially if it isn’t too serious. One example of this would be a sprain. While it does hurt, these injuries heal on their own with time. If your injury requires you to take medication such as pain killers, it might be best to just rest and wait for the pills to kick in rather than going to an emergency room.

Another thing to consider is that during certain times of the year such as during the winter months, there tends to be an increase in accidents and injuries. This is due to the fact that people are more likely to slip and fall due to the inclement weather that often occurs during these months. Of course, driving tends to be more dangerous too, but if you are extra cautious during this time, you can greatly reduce your chances of being injured in an accident.

No matter what type of injury you might have, it is best to get treatment as soon as possible after the incident has occurred. While it might be tempting just to sit and wait for the pain to go away, this could lead to a more serious problem occurring in the future. One example of this would be a cut that becomes infected. Without proper treatment, an infection can travel through your body and even lead to death if not treated immediately.

If you do get injured, it is a good idea to keep your tetnus shot up to date as this greatly reduces the risk of getting tetnus which is a deadly infection that can enter an open wound. This type of infection is rare in the united states due to vaccination, but one never knows when they might come in contact with tetnus.

It is also a good idea to find out what the injury is before seeking treatment. While many times it is obvious such as a broken bone or a cut that needs stitches, other times it might not be so clear. If you are unsure about your condition, it is a good idea to get checked out by a medical professional just in case. For more serious conditions such as a heart attack, it is best to call an ambulance right away.

If you happen to be with someone that is injured, the key is to remain calm. Most people panic when someone close to them is hurt and this can lead to more harm befalling the injured person. By remaining calm and focusing on the situation at hand, one can help the injured person in a positive way. For example, if someone has a broken leg, it might be best to make a stretcher out of nearby objects such as four wooden sticks and two shirts.

In addition to providing first aid treatment, it also might be helpful to keep the injured person talking. When someone is in pain, they tend to go into a state of shock and this can lead to them becoming unconscious. If this occurs, it can make the situation much worse as the injured person won’t be able to focus on anything other than the pain they are experiencing. Keeping them awake will help prevent unconsciousness.

If you need to perform CPR on the injured person, it is best to do this once medical help arrives as you could make the situation worse if you were to perform it incorrectly. Instead, it is best to ask someone who has taken a first aid class on how to perform the procedure or look it up online.

As you can see, a little training and knowledge can go a long way in helping an injured person. It is a good idea to take a first aid class from time to time in order to refresh your memory about how to handle various situations. This way you will be ready when the need arises for you to help someone else.

Ready?

Let’s get started.

Note: This guide is not intended as a replacement for emergency services. In the event of serious injury, get medical attention immediately!

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Elements of a First-aid Kit

A first-aid kit can mean different things to different people. It is important to assemble a kit that has the right tools and equipment for your particular needs. A small kit for a hiker in the backwoods will be very different than one for a family car emergency kit or a large industrial first-aid kit. You may need to customize your own kit depending on your particular situation or location.

Below is a list of the recommended items for a well-rounded basic first-aid kit:

Adhesive bandages in a variety of sizes

Gauze pads, cotton swabs (Q-tips)

Antiseptic cleaning wipes or solution

Scissors, tweezers

Sterile gloves, finger cots

CPR breathing barrier (plastic apron or face shield)

Latex-free medical gloves

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Burn cream (for chemical & heat burns)

Antibiotic ointment

Antacid (for stomach irritation)

Activated charcoal (use if poisoning is suspected)

Digital thermometer

Alcohol prep pads

Rolled gauze bandage, roller gauze

Gauze and cotton tubes (for draining wounds)

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Saline solution (to clean wounds)

Eye wash solution (to flush your eyes if got something in them)

Aspirin or similar pain reliever

Prescription drugs (if you require them)

Anti-diarrhea medicine (just incase)

In addition to assembling the right tools for the job, it is also important to ensure that your supplies do not become outdated. Items like over-the-counter medications have an expiration date and medical equipment (such as rubber gloves and IV tubing) will eventually wear out. You should check your supplies periodically to ensure they have not expired or deteriorated.

The Right Kit For You

As stated before, a first-aid kit for each member of the family is a good idea. You can keep them together in one large kit or you can separate them out and keep them in different locations (such as one at work, one at each home, etc). Also, many items are helpful to have in more than one location. For example, a CPR mask is good to have both at home and in a vehicle. You might also decide to include other things in your kit (like water purification tablets, extra matches, a flashlight, etc).

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The point is that these items are just a guideline. As long as you have the basics covered you should be fine.

For Your Car

It is also a good idea to keep a well-stocked emergency kit in your car regardless of whether or not you have roadside assistance. It is wise to keep items for any type of weather as well as extra food, water and blankets. A car can provide shelter, heat, and protection from dangerous situations such as an attacker. You never know when you might get lost and the car’s supplies could save your life.

Other items that you may wish to consider adding to your basic car first-aid kit would be:

Waterproof matchbox with fire starter

Road maps of the U.S. & Canada

Jumper cables

Funnel for adding gas (if you can’t find a station)

Fire extinguisher

Pair of cheap sunglasses (keep one mirror shard to use as a splint)

Whistle to alert rescuers or attract attention

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Can Opener (stored in car against the hood for quick access, wrapped in cloth)

Tow rope (secured to back of car with bungie cords)

Road Flares

Paper/pen for writing notes

Remember, the main idea here is to have an idea of what you need and prepare for it. The best way to go about doing this is simply to make a checklist and check it twice–literally.

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Sources & references used in this article:

Catastrophizing, pain, and disability in patients with soft-tissue injuries by MJL Sullivan, W Stanish, H Waite, M Sullivan, DA Tripp – Pain, 1998 – Elsevier

A little pain never hurt anyone: Athletic career socialization and the normalization of sports injury by TJ Curry – Symbolic interaction, 1993 – Wiley Online Library

Social exclusion and pain sensitivity: Why exclusion sometimes hurts and sometimes numbs by MJ Bernstein, HM Claypool – Personality and Social …, 2012 – journals.sagepub.com

Developing a model of associations between chronic pain, depressive mood, chronic fatigue, and self-efficacy in people with spinal cord injury by A Craig, Y Tran, P Siddall, N Wijesuriya, J Lovas… – … Journal of Pain, 2013 – Elsevier

Assessment of nonsuicidal self-injury: Development and initial validation of the Non-Suicidal Self-Injury–Assessment Tool (NSSI-AT). by J Whitlock, D Exner-Cortens… – … assessment, 2014 – psycnet.apa.org

What do recreational runners think about risk factors for running injuries? A descriptive study of their beliefs and opinions by BT Saragiotto, TP Yamato, AD Lopes – journal of orthopaedic & sports …, 2014 – jospt.org

Playing hurt: managing injuries in English professional football by M Roderick, I Waddington… – International review for …, 2000 – journals.sagepub.com