5 Ways To Develop the Fighting Spirit in Youth Athletes:
1) You have to believe in it!
You have to believe that you are going to win. If you don’t then you will lose. When I was little I used to play baseball with my friends and when they would hit a ball into the stands, I had no idea what happened but I knew if one of them missed, there would be hell to pay. So I wanted to make sure I got home safe.
2) You have to practice it!
Practice makes perfect. If you don’t practice, you won’t get good enough. I remember when I first started playing football, my coach told me not to run around too much because that’s just what boys do and it wasn’t smart. But after a few practices, I ran all over the field like a madman and everyone loved me for it!
3) You have to believe in yourself!
Believe in your abilities. Don’t let anyone tell you otherwise. No matter what anybody else says, YOU are the boss of your life and you will always be right!
4) You have to love it!
Love what you’re doing. Never stop loving what you’re doing. There is nothing better than being alive and having fun at the same time! (And if there is, I’m not telling!
5) You have to be smart!
Be smart out on that field or court or track or rink. Always think about what you’re going to do. The best defense is a good offense, and don’t forget to wear your helmet when you play a contact sport!
Now get out there, and show ’em what you’re made of!
Aggression is a personality trait that involves a tendency to respond to threat with hostility.
This may be useful in athletic situations, such as during competition, in order to gain a competitive advantage over an opponent.
The term “fight or flight” refers to a part of every animal’s natural response to danger, in which it must decide whether to face the danger or escape from it. Over the course of evolution, this instinct has become embedded in the brain’s neural networks.
In humans, the instinct to respond to a threat with fight or flight can be used in a number of ways. The most common is an active approach in which the individual faces the threat with force. This type of response can take the form of attack, but may also be used to simply ensure that an individual wins a competition by ensuring their victory over their opponent.
Other types of aggression are possible, such as reactive aggression.
This occurs when the individual responds to a perceived threat with force, but only after a delay.
A number of factors can influence the type of aggression exhibited by an individual in a given scenario. Some of these are discussed below.
The presence of others can have a marked effect on the type of aggression displayed by an individual, with some types of aggression being more likely to be displayed in the presence of others, while others are less likely.
Aggression is less likely to be displayed in the presence of others if the individual thinks their opponent is more powerful than themselves.
This can occur for a number of reasons, such as an individual believing they are at a physical disadvantage compared to their opponent.
This effect is especially marked in children, who may experience a drastic drop in their level of aggressiveness when faced with a more powerful opponent.
In the case of social aggression (aggression towards others in social situations) some displays are more effective than others.
Research into the differences between physical and verbal aggression during childhood has found that a child who is trying to build up social dominance will be much more effective if they use non-violent physical aggression, such as poking and grabbing, rather than non-verbal forms of aggression such as shouting threats or insults.
The presence of an authority figure can also cause differences in the type of aggression displayed.
In some cases, like with children and animals, the presence of an authority figure can cause less aggression to be displayed, as the individual will be less likely to want to risk a punishment.
However, in other cases the presence of an authority figure can cause more aggression to be displayed.
For example, when a person is insulted, they often respond with increased anger and hostility towards their opponent.
This increase in hostility occurs in part because the insulted individual wishes to defend their own reputation, but also because they do not want to appear weak by not responding to the verbal insult.
This type of aggression is known as defensive aggression.
Aggression can be used for a number of reasons in social situations, not all of them negative.
In many cases, displays of social aggression are used as a method of establishing dominance in a social situation, such as between rival males.
This type of aggression can also act to reaffirm a hierarchy that is already in place, and thus help to stabilise social situations.
Aggression between prisoners can take the form of either hostile persistence or submissive withdrawal.
These two factors can also interact with each-other, creating a complex system of dominance interactions.
For example, if an individual is higher-ranked than another, but uses submissive behavior, this can allow the lower-ranked individual to use hostile persistence.
Aggression plays a large role in consumer behavior, as described by the aggression theory.
One of the main ways it does this is in the influence it has on the way in which advertising is created and how consumer attitudes are shaped towards certain products through advertising campaigns.
The aggression theory states that in the context of advertising, an aggressive attribute is one that increases the likelihood that a person will pick out a particular message from a various number of messages.
For example, if someone was looking at a billboard from across the street, and there were several different billboards to look at, then the aggressiveness of the advertisement would influence the likelihood that they would look at that particular billboard.
This is because of three main factors: attention, relevance and interest.
The more aggressive an advertisement is, the greater the likelihood of it gaining attention, and thus more likely to be looked at.
Within this theory, aggressiveness can apply to both the advertisement itself, such as the size and movement of a billboard, or the product being advertised.
The way in which the product is presented would fall under the relevance section of aggressiveness.
For example, if an advertisement is for a new brand of jeans, and the model featured in the advertisement is particularly attractive, then this would be relevant because the jeans are being advertise with a reference to how good someone will look if they wear them.
This relevance is thus an aspect of aggressiveness.
The final section of aggressiveness in advertising is interest.
This can be both positive interest and negative interest.
Positive interest refers to the way in which an aggressive advertisement makes a potential customer think that they would like the product, and thus be more likely to purchase it.
Negative interest is a little different in that it does not make a potential customer think that they would like the product, but it instills a fear within them that if they do not purchase the product then something bad will happen.
For example, an advertisement for a brand of sofas that features a large, looming alligator in the background would utilize negative interest, as it is attempting to make potential customers afraid that they might get eaten if they do not buy a sofa from this particular company.
This type of advertising is particularly common with goods such as health insurance and anti-theft devices for automobiles.
Both the AET and aggression theories, although different, share one main concept.
That is, within these theories it is believed that human behavior can be predicted through understanding how external stimuli affects our decision-making process.
The AET focuses on how external factors can cause a change in an individual’s behavior; for example, how a change in the temperature can cause someone to feel a need to behave aggressively.
Sources & references used in this article:
Cultivating resiliency in youth by CC Bell – Journal of Adolescent Health, 2001 – Elsevier
Youth sports: What counts as “positive development?” by J Coakley – Journal of sport and social issues, 2011 – journals.sagepub.com
Fighting spirit: An introductory history of Korean boxing, 1926-1945 by L Heywood, SL Dworkin – 2003 – U of Minnesota Press
Australian elite athlete development: An organisational perspective by BD Brink, P Smith – 1922 – Association Press
Why do we follow sporting events? by J Svinth – Occasional Papers, A Publication of the Korean …, 1999 – ejmas.com
The positives and negatives of Twitter: Exploring how student-athletes use Twitter and respond to critical tweets by KP Sotiriadou, D Shilbury – Sport management review, 2009 – Elsevier
Improving socialization through sport: An analytic review of literature on aggression and sportsmanship by M Pori, B Jošt, M Hosta, P Pori – Collegium antropologicum, 2009 – hrcak.srce.hr
Parenting young athletes: Developing champions in sports and life by B Browning, J Sanderson – … Journal of Sport …, 2012 – journals.humankinetics.com