7 Articles for Chocolate Lovers: Constitution Amendments
The United States Constitution was created in 1787 by delegates from thirteen states at the Constitutional Convention held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The document was ratified by three-fourths of the state legislatures (33) before it became part of the U.S. Constitution on September 16th, 1789.
Article 1: The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States;
The first section of Article I gives Congress power over taxes. This provision was later amended in 1802 with the passage of Amendment 10 which added a requirement that “all duties” be paid.
Article 2: No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law shall be passed.
No law may be passed that imposes punishment on someone because they are black, white, male, female or any other classification based on their race, gender or sexual orientation. There is no such thing as a hate crime in the United States. If there were then the Ku Klux Klan would not exist today!
A Bill of Attainder is a law that declares someone guilty of a crime. The most famous Bill of Attainder in the U.S. Constitution is the law that banned alcohol in 1919 (This was repealed in 1933 with the passage of the 21st Amendment).
A law that makes something illegal after its done, for example an action that has already happened, is called an ex post facto law.
It is understood that the U.S. Government has the right to punish or even kill anyone who breaks a law. If you steal something, you can go to jail.
If you kill someone, you can be executed.
These three words are important and make it clear that no one in government has the power to punish someone who has not broken a law. These words are also known as “due process” and exist to protect people from an over-powerful government.
An example of an ex post facto law would be a law that declares anyone who has more than $50,000 in cash must pay a tax of 50% of the money over $50,000. If someone has $80,000 they must pay $40,000. If this was illegal tomorrow and the police arrested someone with $80,000 they could not be punished because the crime did not happen until after it became illegal.
Another example would be if the government declared that hiring a plumber to fix your toilet is now illegal. If you call a plumber tomorrow to come and fix your toilet, you have broken the law even though you did nothing wrong yesterday.
The U.S. Government must follow laws just like everyone else. The Bill of Rights ensures that everyone in the country has basic rights.
It means that a law cannot be passed just because the government feels like it. It must pass a law for a good reason and it must not pass a law for a bad reason.
These three sections of the constitution were specifically designed to stop the government from taking away the rights of citizens. The first ten amendments to the constitution were ratified in 1791 as part of the Bill of Rights.
This is article is about civil rights. Civil rights are the basic human rights that everyone in the U.S. is entitled to simply by being human.
The Bill of Rights guarantees these basic civil rights.
It is important to understand that on September 11th, many thousands of Americans were killed by terrorists. This was a bad thing and the terrorists who planned the attacks are criminals who need to be brought to justice for their terrible crimes against humanity. Some people have confused the criminal terrorists with innocent people who happen to be of Middle Eastern descent. This is wrong for several reasons.
Firstly, a person can only be a terrorist if they commit an act of terrorism. It is true that some Middle Eastern people cheered when they heard the news. This does not mean that every single Middle Eastern person celebrated the attacks. It is important to remember that most people in the Middle East want the same things that you want: peace, happiness and freedom.
It is unfair to blame every single Middle Eastern person for the terrible crimes committed by a few.
Secondly, there are many thousands of innocent people in jail right now simply because they happen to be of Middle Eastern descent. This is wrong and against the law. If you are a fair-minded person, you will not believe every single lie that the newspaper tells you about the guilt of these people. In fact, there are many cases of people in jail right now who have been proved to be completely innocent.
Thirdly, there is a lot of talk about allowing Middle Eastern people or people from certain countries to go back home. This is wrong. These people have a right to travel like everyone else. Many of their countries are suffering terrible civil wars right now.
It is dangerous for them to return home.
It is not the fault of these people that they happen to have been born in a certain country – they should not be punished for the crimes of their leaders or their governments.
In closing, we should remember that there but for the grace of God go I. We should not judge others by their apparent religion or their race. No one is perfect and we are all sinners in the eyes of God. We should love our neighbor as ourselves.
If a crime has been committed, it is the duty of the government to bring the perpetrators to justice. It is wrong to take the law into our own hands and inflict our own personal brand of “justice” on others. This is not justice and this not the American way. If you value your own American citizenship, you will defend the rights and freedoms of others and ensure that they are not arbitrarily stripped away.
We, the Undersigned, petition the White House to ensure that justice is served fairly, regardless of race, creed, or national origin.
Sources & references used in this article:
Harbingers of coronary heart disease: dietary saturated fatty acids and cholesterol. Is chocolate benign because of its stearic acid content? by WE Connor – 1999 – academic.oup.com
Heartbeat: Chocolate and atrial fibrillation by CM Otto – Heart, 2017 – heart.bmj.com
The Benefits of Cocoa & Chocolate by C Matthews – 2009 – Macmillan
Eating your way to happiness: chocolate, brain metabolism, and mood by L Wright – theherbsplace.com
Assessing consumer expectations for food bars by conjoint analysis by K Morris, D Taren – Karger Gazette, 2005 – misc.karger.com
Globalization and child labor: the cause can also be a cure by K Mahanna, HR Moskowitz… – Journal of Sensory …, 2009 – Wiley Online Library