Turkmenistan is a country located in Central Asia. Turkmenistan borders China, Russia, Afghanistan and Uzbekistan. It is bordered by the Gobi Desert to the north, the Pamir Mountains to the east and south, and India to the west. The population of Turkmenistan stands at approximately 9 million people spread over nearly 300 ethnic groups (including several Muslim minorities). There are three official languages: Türkman, Dari and Pashto. The country’s capital city is Ashgabat.
The Turkmen language was spoken from the late 19th century until the early 20th century. It became extinct in the 1980s due to a combination of government policies and economic decline. Today, only about 30% of its speakers remain alive today.
The Turkmen national costume consists of a red tunic with white stripes, a green headdress, trousers and boots. A blue turban covers the hair. The flag is yellow with black stars.
In addition to their traditional dress, men wear a tallit or prayer shawl wrapped around them; women wear a long robe called a chador. Women are required to cover themselves completely when praying.
The national religion of Tajikistan is Islam, with 97% of the population being followers. The remaining 3% follow either Christianity or Buddhism. There is a small but growing Jewish community in the country as well.
There are three recognized types of Islam in Tajikistan: Hanafi, Shafii and Ithna ashariyya. The Hanafi school of law is the largest, with nearly 30% of the population.
The government of Tajikistan is a secularist Muslim one. It is officially called the Republic of Tajikistan and was established in 1991 after a devastating civil war. The current president is Emomali Rahmon, who has been in power since 1994.
The chief of state is the president and the head of government is the prime minister.
Ashgabat is the capital city of Tajikistan and one of the fastest growing cities in Central Asia. It was established as a trading center in the late 19th century and was made the capital city when the country achieved independence in 1991.
The population of Tajikistan is just over 8 million people, most of whom are engaged in agriculture.
Tajikistan is known for its production of cotton, fruits, vegetables and tobacco. There is also some mining and manufacturing of aluminium, copper, gold and coal.
There are four distinct seasons in Tajikistan: a mild winter, a dry spring, an infernal summer and a cool autumn. The coldest months are December and January, with average lows dipping to around -5°C (23°F). July and August are the hottest months, with temperatures soaring to 35°C (95°F) on occasion.
The country receives just under 500 millimeters (20 inches) of precipitation per year, most of which falls in the summer months.
The base currency of Tajikistan is the Somoni. It is divided into 100 Tyin. Coins come in denominations of 1, 5 and 10 Tyin, and notes come in denominations of 50, 100, 500 and 1000 Somoni.
The currency is pegged to the Russian Ruble at a rate of 1:1.
Tajikistan is located in Central Asia, bordered by Afghanistan to the south, Uzbekistan to the north, Kyrgyzstan to the north-west and China to the east. It is part of the greater Asian landmass, separated from its mainland by the Caspian Sea.
Did you know?
The capital city of Tajikistan is also called Dushanbe, which was the former name of the city when it was still part of the Soviet Republic.
Tajikistan’s currency is the Somoni, which is divided into 100 Tyin. The Somoni is pegged to the Russian Ruble at a rate of 1:1.
Tajikistan was the last of the former Soviet republics to gain independence, doing so in September of 1991.
The world’s highest and largest plateau, the Kyzylkum is located in Tajikistan.
In 2011 a 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck Tajikistan, killing over 600 people.
The fastest recorded hurricane in the Northern Hemisphere, Dilavar, struck Tajikistan in 2013.
The national flag of Tajikistan was adopted on September 7th, 1992, the same day that the country declared its independence from the Soviet Union. The flag’s colors of red, white and green are those that have come to be associated with Islam, and it includes a symbol reminiscent of the letters ‘R’ and ‘S’ entwined together. These letters stand for ‘Republic of Tajikistan’, and this symbol is also reflected in the flag’s design.
Bukhara is one of the greatest cities in the world unknown to most of us. It is here that you will find the celebrated mausoleum of the Samanid kings, who once ruled much of today’s Central Asia. The turquoise-domed mausoleum is one of the most magnificent monuments in the Muslim world.
Just 20 miles from Bukhara, you will find the incredible ruins of an ancient city known as Sirak. This was once the seat of an powerful empire that had ruled much of today’s Middle East and Central Asia for over 1000 years. The ruins of the fortress and palace of the kings can still be found here.
40 miles to the west of Dushanbe is the fascinating Kofarnihon River, which cuts a magnificent canyon through the barren rock. It is close to the canyon that you will find the spectacular Zarifi Falls, a tiered waterfall that plunges down 86 feet into a green pool.
A little further west of the canyon is the small town of Varzob. It is here that you will find a museum containing some of the oldest fossils found in Central Asia. These fossils are between 500,000 to over 800,000 years old!
A visit to the city of Khujand is not complete without visiting the remarkable Ibrahim Turshy Mosque. This 16th-century mosque has a beautiful courtyard, a towering minaret and an intricately tiled interior. Next door, you can also see a restored bathhouse, which still functions as it once did.
To the south of Dushanbe is the small town ofavesoni. It is here that you will find the fascinating Anbor Rock Temple. This Buddhist Temple was carved into the rock face of a mountain and has over 20 statues, dating back to the 3rd century AD.
These statues depict a mixture of Buddhist and Hindu deities, as well as everyday scenes from ordinary life.
The ancient city of Ichan Kala is the site of the oldest fortress in Central Asia. The mud-brick walls and towers here were first constructed in the 4th century, and were continually added to for the next 700 years.
The ancient necropolis of Kuliab is one of the most fascinating places to visit in Tajikistan. Here lie the mausoleums of the ancient kings and rulers of Tajikistan. Many of these mausoleums are protected by towering walls and beautifully carved doors.
The beautiful Imamzadeh Mausoleum dates back to the 10th century and contains some fine brickwork and elegant arches. It is also known as one of the most important places of pilgrimage in Tajikistan, as it is said to contain a strand of the hair of the Prophet Mohammed.
12 miles from the city of Khujand, you will find the fascinating Yagon Kishlak Mausoleum. This is a 16-sided structure, with each side representing one of the 12 Imams of Shiite Islam, as well as famous Islamic philosophers and scientists.
Just outside the city of Dushanbe is the remarkable Panj Panji Park.
Sources & references used in this article:
Ultimate Olympic Weightlifting: A Complete Guide to Barbell Lifts—from Beginner to Gold Medal by D Randolph – 2015 – books.google.com
How to Smooth Out the Kettlebell Snatch by DC Michael Rintala, DC Richard Ulm…
The bench press: The most misunderstood lift in Strength & Conditioning by M Beecroft, RKC Master, M Bos, A Du Cane, A Gala… – rkcblog.dragondoor.com