In this article we will discuss about proposed regulations on distance education and innovation.
Distance Education Regulations: What Are They?
Distance education regulations are set forth in the Federal Register (FDR) which is a part of the United States government’s official documents. These regulations are intended to protect consumers from fraudulent practices and unfair business practices by ensuring that only those individuals or entities with legitimate educational qualifications may offer courses through the Internet, telephone, mail order catalogs, or other means of communication.
The Department of Education (DOE) regulates distance education programs offered by institutions of higher learning. The DOE enforces these regulations under Title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended (HEA). Under HEA, the DOE administers and enforces a variety of laws designed to ensure equal access to postsecondary education for all Americans regardless of their financial resources.
Title IV of HEA requires institutions offering postsecondary education to accept certain types of students. Those requirements include:
(1) Individuals must have a high school diploma or its equivalent; (2) Individuals must not have been convicted of a felony, significant misdemeanor, or three or more other offenses involving moral turpitude; and (3) Individuals must not be currently incarcerated.
What Is Distance Education?
The term “distance education” refers to a wide range of programs through which students can obtain academic credit for courses taken from remote locations using various media and communication devices such as television, video cassettes, telephone, computer, or mail. Distance education has traditionally referred to correspondence education provided by educational institutions. The number of correspondence schools has declined in recent years due to the increased technological capabilities of more traditional on-campus programs.
Are There Different Types of Educational Programs?
There are two general types of educational programs. Non-degree educational programs are designed to provide individuals with the skills needed to enter a particular occupation or trade. These programs can lead to certification or licensure in a given field, but they do not lead to a degree or diploma.
Degree programs provide knowledge and skills that prepare students for careers in a wide variety of occupations. The most common types of degrees are associate’s, bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral degrees. To achieve any of these degrees, an institution generally requires a student to complete a certain number of credit hours.
How Many Educational Institutions Are There?
The United States has more than 15,000 institutions of higher learning. (Institutions of higher learning are those that offer academic course work beyond the high school level.) 2.1 million students are enrolled in the for-profit sector alone. The for-profit sector is the fastest growing segment within the entire higher education system.
What Is the Federal Government’s Role in Regulating Educational Institutions?
The U.S. Department of Education (ED) enforces the provisions of Title IV regarding open access. The Higher Education Amendments of 1998 require all institutions offering postsecondary education to authorize each student’s enrollment and attendance and to use that information to make certain that students are making progress towards their educational goals.
Sources & references used in this article:
Loose cannons and rule breakers, or enterprising leaders? Some evidence about innovative public managers by S Borins – Public administration review, 2000 – Wiley Online Library
Training and innovation in an imperfect labour market by D Acemoglu – The Review of Economic Studies, 1997 – academic.oup.com
Organizational climate in air traffic control: Innovative preparedness for implementation of new technology and organizational development in a rule governed … by M Arvidsson, CR Johansson, Å Ek, R Akselsson – Applied ergonomics, 2006 – Elsevier
Information culture and its influences in knowledge creation: Evidence from university teams engaged in collaborative innovation projects by TE Vick, MS Nagano, S Popadiuk – International Journal of Information …, 2015 – Elsevier
The Effects of training, innovation and new technology on African smallholder farmers’ economic outcomes and food security: a systematic review by R Stewart, L Langer, NR Da Silva… – Campbell Systematic …, 2015 – Wiley Online Library