The most common symptoms of pregnancy are nausea, vomiting, fatigue, headache and back pain. These symptoms usually disappear after the first trimester ends. However some women experience these symptoms for longer periods of time than others. Some women may have other problems such as high blood pressure or diabetes while pregnant. Other complications that occur in pregnancy include preeclampsia (a life threatening condition), gestational diabetes and preterm labor.
Nausea and Vomiting During Pregnancy
Vomiting is one of the most common symptoms experienced during pregnancy. Most women vomit up their food before they even realize it. Sometimes, women vomit up their own urine because of high potassium level in the body. The vomiting can happen at any time during pregnancy but happens more often during the last few weeks of pregnancy. Nausea occurs due to low stomach acidity which causes loss of appetite and weight gain.
Fatigue During Pregnancy
Another symptom of pregnancy is fatigue. Fatigue is a normal part of pregnancy and goes away once the baby is born. If your tiredness persists, consult with your doctor about possible conditions like postpartum depression or exhaustion. Your doctor will advise you how to manage your fatigue during pregnancy. You can try yoga, meditation or exercise to ease the discomfort caused by fatigue during pregnancy.
It’s a well-known fact that during pregnancy your body produces more blood and your heart has to pump this blood all over your body. This extra burden on your heart can lead to heartburn, back pain and abdominal pain during pregnancy.
Headaches During Pregnancy
Pregnancy headaches can be really horrible. You will feel a throbbing pain behind your eyes and it seems like there is nothing you can do to make it go away. Pregnancy headaches can last for a few minutes or can go on for days. If you suffer from severe headaches during pregnancy, talk to your physician about the same. He may prescribe some medicines to relieve the pain or some bed rest.
You should avoid taking over-the-counter medicines without first consulting your physician.
Tips to Manage Pregnancy Discomfort
1. Eat small meals during the day and stay away from junk food.
2. Avoid eating less than three hours before going to bed.
3. Keep a food diary to see what bothers you most.
4. Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated.
5. Get vaccinated for flu and other diseases if necessary.
6. Take a multivitamin supplement containing folic acid daily.
7. Stay positive and try to take it easy.
8. Don’t use tobacco or alcohol during pregnancy.
9. Manage your stress levels as much as possible.
10. Get plenty of rest.
11. Try soothing essential oils and scented candles.
12. Take a warm bath with lavender oil to relieve stress.
13. Take breaks if you begin to feel overwhelmed or stressed out.
14. Massage your feet, put on comfortable shoes and take a walk to ease the discomfort in your feet.
15. Do some deep breathing and take time out for yourself.
16. Get regular prenatal care to track the growth and development of your baby.
17. It’s perfectly normal to feel anxious about the development of your baby. Talk to your doctor if you have any concerns.
18. Remember that pregnancies are different for every woman so don’t feel concerned if something doesn’t feel right for you.
19. Don’t forget to schedule your postpartum checkup after delivery.
20. Consult your physician if you notice a change in vaginal discharge, pain while urinating or bleeding.
21. If you experience contractions or leakage of amniotic fluid, contact your doctor immediately.
22. Last but not the least – remember to take care of yourself during this wonderful journey of motherhood.
Sources & references used in this article:
Exercise during pregnancy: Research and application by A Talmadge, L Kravitz, R Robergs – IDEA Health & Fitness Source, 2000 – go.gale.com
The Athletic Mom-to-be: Training Your Way Into Pregnancy and Motherhood by CA Weis, J Faraone – 2015 – books.google.com
Pilates and pregnancy: programming ideas and exercise guidelines: what to expect when your client is expecting by PJ Rosch, CC Clark – 2001 – Macmillan
Pregnancy: The Ultimate Week-by-Week Pregnancy Guide by T McCall – 2007 – Bantam
Pregnancy: The inside story by S Della Pia – IDEA Fitness Journal, 2007 – go.gale.com
What to Expect Before You’re Expecting: The Complete Guide to Getting Pregnant by L Riley – 2006 – books.google.com
Piriformis Syndrome: How to detect it and strengthening and stretching programs to help you heal by J Raphael-Leff – 1995 – books.google.com
Sport and the Color Line: Black Athletes and Race Relations in Twentieth Century America by H Murkoff – 2017 – books.google.com