Sports Hernias: What Are They?
The word “hernia” comes from the Greek words hernos (he’s) and hieros (house). A hernia is a collection of tissues that attach to the organs of the abdomen. These tissues are usually soft tissue such as fat, muscle, ligaments, tendons and nerves. When these tissues become inflamed they can cause discomfort or even damage to other parts of your body.
What Causes Sports Hernias?
Injuries during sports play may cause a herniated disk or other problems causing inflammation of the tissues. Other causes include genetics, age, obesity and poor diet. Obesity is one of the most common reasons why athletes develop hernias. Another reason could be that some athletes have a genetic predisposition to developing them. Genetics plays a role in how much weight you can carry before having an injury occurs due to overtraining.
How Is Sports Hernia Diagnosed?
A doctor will perform a physical examination to determine if there is any underlying problem. If there is no underlying condition then the doctor will do tests such as X-rays, blood work and MRI scans. Sometimes a hernia repair procedure called laparoscopic cholecystectomy may be needed to correct the problem. Laparoscopy involves opening up your abdominal cavity through small incisions made along your stomach wall.
Symptoms Of Sports Hernia
Arching your back while running or performing another exercise will indicate that you may have a hernia. Pain and burning is also experienced during these activities. The pain will occur in the abdomen or groin.
You might experience pain after lifting heavy objects.
How Is It Treated?
The most common treatment for hernias is the hernia repair procedure called laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Hernia repair will involve cutting open the skin and making a small incision in the abdomen to access the hernia. The tissue surrounding the hernia will be cut and removed. Next, mesh and a synthetic material called polypropylene will be used to patch up the hole. The skin will be sewn up afterwards.
What Is The Long-Term Outlook?
Hernias are more common in males than females. Most of the time, hernias are during a person’s lifetime. Severe problems with hernias can cause tear in the bowel or intestines. This can lead to other more serious conditions such as cancer. If you ever experience severe vomiting, fever, pain in your abdomen and other symptoms you may have a more serious condition and should see a doctor immediately.
Preventing Sports Hernia
The best way to treat a hernia is to strengthen your core muscles. Keeping your abdominals strong is the best way to avoid strenuous exercises that may cause harm. Also, avoid lifting heavy objects when you have a hernia as this could lead to further complications.
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