Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a malignant brain tumor. It affects approximately 1 out of every 10,000 people over the age of 65 years old. There are no known effective treatments or cures for GBM. Currently there is no cure for GBM, but there are several types of treatment options available to patients with this disease.
The most common type of treatment for GBM is surgery. Surgery may include:
Surgery to remove part or all of the whole brain. Surgery to cut away parts of the brain and surrounding tissue such as the skull, spinal cord, and other nerves.
Surgery to repair damage caused by the tumor itself or from radiation therapy given after surgery. Surgery to replace damaged brain tissue.
There are many different surgical procedures that may be used depending on the size of the tumor, its location and how much it has spread. Some surgeries require general anesthesia while others do not.
General anesthesia is usually only required if certain risks associated with surgery cannot be avoided or if there is a risk of death during surgery due to complications arising from the cancerous growths inside your body.
Other types of surgery include:
Decompression surgery. Craniotomy.
Microsurgery. Oligonucleotide therapy (ON-TIME). Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS).
Follow up treatment options are also available for patients who have had tumors or cancerous cells removed by surgery.
Common follow up treatment options include:
Chemotherapy. Hormone therapy.
Immunotherapy. Irradiation therapy. Targeted therapy.
These types of therapies can sometimes be used alone, or in combination with one another depending on your diagnosis and medical history. It is important that you discuss all available treatment options with your doctor so you can decide which ones are best for your condition and health.
GBM is a very serious condition that requires immediate medical attention and long term treatment plans. If you think you or someone you know may have this condition, it is important to see a physician or specialist immediately for an accurate diagnosis and to discuss treatment options that are available to you.
GBM may be treated with medication for some types of the disorder. Your physician may also advise you to make certain lifestyle changes, such as getting a proper amount of rest each night and eating a healthy diet.
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