Striking 101: Striking in Mixed Martial Arts
The first thing you need to do when you want to learn how to strike is to understand what strikes are. Strikers are fighters who use their hands and feet (or even other parts of their body) against each other during combat. There are several types of strikers; some have a lot of power while others rely on speed or finesse.
Some strikers are very skilled at using combinations of different strikes. Other strikers specialize in one type of technique and they are not good at any other kind of fighting.
There are many types of strikes, but here we will only focus on two types: elbows and knees. These two kinds of attacks are the most common ones used in mixed martial arts (MMA). They work because both sides can hit with their fists or kicks without being hurt too badly from it.
However, there are other types of strikes which may cause more damage if used correctly.
Elbows and Knees
Kicking someone in the head is considered a knee strike. A kick to the groin is called an elbow strike. An elbow strike usually comes after your opponent has already landed a punch or kicked you in the face.
Elbow strikes are generally harder than knees, but less damaging than punches. Kicking someone in the legs is less damaging than kicking someone in the head.
There are other types of strikers out there. There are grapplers who mainly use submission holds and pins. Another type of fighter is a “brawler”.
A brawler uses a lot of wild, unrefined, and mostly sloppy strikes and fighting techniques. They rely on power and never using the same move twice so their opponent doesn’t learn how to defend against it. They are not known for their defense as they tend to focus more on offense. It would be easy to beat a brawler by simply dodging all their attacks and throwing one punch straight at their face. However, if you get in close enough for that, they will try to grab you or try a take down. A “stunner” or “slugger” is another type of fighter. They use a lot of power and wild punches and rarely throw kicks. They rely on brute strength and power. A “matcher” is another type of fighter. These fighters match their opponent’s fighting style move for move. They tend to not have a dominant style of fighting.
Striking in MMA
The beauty of striking in mixed martial arts (MMA) is that there are so many different kinds of fighters. Each with their own unique style that sets them apart from the rest. However, no matter what style you use, you will need to have a good understanding of striking to become a well-rounded fighter.
No matter what kind of fighter you are, you will need to learn how to defend against these attacks. You should never go into a fight without learning how to defend against these strikes. You should also learn how to use these techniques in different situations.
Striking in MMA is a lot different than traditional boxing or kickboxing. In MMA, striking is only one of three major areas of fighting (the other two being grappling and submission holds). Because there is more than just striking, fighters tend to become better all-around fighters.
Sources & references used in this article:
Towards a determination of the physiological characteristics distinguishing successful mixed martial arts athletes: a systematic review of combat sport literature by LP James, GG Haff, VG Kelly, EM Beckman – Sports Medicine, 2016 – Springer
Effects of home advantage in Mixed Martial Arts performance with paired bouts of the same fighting opponents by B Miarka, FBD Vecchio, CJ Brito… – … Analysis in Sport, 2016 – Taylor & Francis
Identifying the performance characteristics of a winning outcome in elite mixed martial arts competition by LP James, S Robertson, GG Haff, EM Beckman… – Journal of science and …, 2017 – Elsevier
Martial arts physical interaction device and method by M Nelson, RH Puffer Jr, T Bonkenburg… – US Patent …, 2002 – Google Patents
Measuring the workload of mixed martial arts using accelerometry, time motion analysis and lactate by C Kirk, HT Hurst, S Atkins – International Journal of Performance …, 2015 – Taylor & Francis
‘Do you hit girls?’Some striking moments in the career of a male martial artist by A Channon – 2013 – gala.gre.ac.uk
MIXED MARTIAL ARTS by A Subchapter – pacodeandbulletin.gov