Technology doping is a form of cheating that involves the use of drugs or other substances to enhance performance in sport. The term “technology” refers to any device used in sport that improves the ability of athletes to perform better than they otherwise would be able to do. There are many different types of technologies, but all have one thing in common: They are designed specifically for enhancing athletic abilities (or at least not impairing them).
The most well known type of technology doping is the use of human growth hormone (HGH) to increase strength and power in professional athletes. HGH was first developed in the late 1970s and became popular among bodybuilders, weightlifters, wrestlers, boxers and others involved in competitive sports. However, it was only after its widespread use in professional football that the dangers associated with its use were widely recognized. The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), which regulates anti-doping rules worldwide, banned the use of HGH in sport in 2001.
In recent years there has been increased interest in other forms of technology doping such as blood transfusions and human growth hormone injections. In addition, the use of anabolic steroids, which are man-made variations of the male hormone testosterone, remains common in many sports. Some athletes have been known to take up to five times the recommended dose of anabolic steroids in order to increase their ability to build muscle and strength.
Sources & references used in this article:
Cheating in contests by I Preston, S Szymanski – Oxford review of economic policy, 2003 – academic.oup.com
Technology doping by A Bouillet – 2018 – brucherlaw.lu
Anti-doping technology to catch the cheats by AC Alptehin – Engineering & Technology, 2016 – IET