The anthropologists have long argued that our species evolved from a small group of hunter gatherers who lived in Africa some 50,000 years ago. They believe that they were the first to understand the importance of carbohydrates in their diets. This is because we are all descended from these early hominids who ate mostly plants. However, there is another theory which suggests that we all came into existence when our ancestors split off from other primates and began eating meat.
In the past, many scientists believed that it was only after the advent of agriculture that humans started consuming large amounts of carbohydrates. Some even went so far as to say that this change occurred around 10,000 B.C., though others claim it happened much earlier than this.
There are several theories about why humans began eating grains and legumes instead of hunting animals or gathering fruits and vegetables. One of them is that it was due to the fact that grains and beans contain high levels of fiber, which helps prevent constipation. Another reason could be that these foods provide energy in the form of simple sugars and starches.
However, if one were to look at the evidence, it seems very unlikely that humans would start eating such a wide variety of foodstuffs without any sort of nutritional benefit. It would also mean that the human body would’ve had to undergo certain changes so that it could cope with these types of food. Yet, there is no evidence that this actually happened.
Most of the foods that we eat contain high levels of carbohydrates. Some examples of these are breads, pasta, most vegetables, sugars, and even beer. There are some that don’t contain this ingredient, such as meats, fishes, and most dairy products.
Most nutritionists will argue that the human body needs to consume large amounts of carbohydrates because it provides us with the energy we need to survive. This is why so many people turn to foods like breads and pastas when they want to eat something quick.
While it is true that our bodies do need carbohydrates, this does not necessarily mean that we should be eating large amounts of them. The best sources of these foods are the vegetables we eat. We can get carbohydrates from other food groups as well, but it is always better to get them from actual vegetables rather than grains or fruits.
This is because most carbohydrate-based foods that come from refined grains or fruits contain a lot of sugar.
Take bread, for example. While it’s true that most people eat bread and aren’t overweight, this does not mean that it is necessarily healthy. Most people eat their bread with a lot of added butter, which is very unhealthy.
Bread can also be baked with a lot of sugar in it, turning an otherwise healthy food into an extremely unhealthy one. It is processed foods like these that are believed to be one of the leading causes of obesity throughout the world today.
Despite this, nutritionists will continue to argue their point of view and insist that carbohydrates are an essential part of a healthy diet. They may even have the science to prove it, but if the average person were to stop and listen to them, they would also have to stop eating some of the foods they love. Most people don’t want to give up their morning muffin or their weekly pasta night.
Many people believe that changing their diet is just too difficult and they would rather just stay with what they know, even if nutritionists say they are eating badly. More power to them, as long as they’re happy with their life choices. It is with this in mind that more and more people have turned to eating what they want and accepting the consequences, rather than trying to change their diet and losing some of the foods they enjoy.
But this doesn’t explain why so many people are insisting that carbohydrates are bad for us. Maybe there is another reason for this, something that nobody has thought of yet. New theories emerge every day that offer explanations for what we see around us, and it is up to us to decide which ones to believe.
Where will this new theory lead us and is it possible that the people promoting it know something the rest of us don’t?
To find out, we must first look at the history of why we eat the way we do.
The History of a Diet
The human diet has changed many times over the centuries. The beginning of human civilization is considered to be around 10,000 BC, and it is safe to say that food was plentiful at this time. Hunter-gatherer societies were able to live off the land, getting all the nutrition they needed to survive from hunting animals and gathering plants.
Eventually, the development of farming allowed people to settle down into communities and stop wandering in search of food. This was a revolutionary step in human society. Farms allowed people to live in one place for longer periods of time, and it also meant that people could begin domesticating animals for food as well.
The earliest form of farming used at this time was called slash-and-burn farming. This involved clearing parts of forests in order to plant crops. While this did allow people to grow more crops, it didn’t allow for the land to replenish itself.
Without large forests absorbing carbon dioxide and sending out oxygen, the earth’s atmosphere slowly became incapable of supporting animal or plant life. This heralded the beginning of the most popularly discussed period in human history, the Agricultural Revolution.
The Agricultural Revolution allowed for a sudden boom of human population growth. With more people inhabiting the earth and a sudden rise in the amount of available food, mankind began to focus on doing something that would change their lives forever: domesticating animals for work and food.
The theory behind this is fairly simple. Wild animals have natural instincts to avoid danger, and will often run away rather than fight. By taming an animal and training it not to fear humans, one can easily find a source of food and transportation without having to hunt.
It is for this reason that the popular belief exists that man has always hunted, and that it is our natural place to do so. While it is true that humans have and still do hunt on occasion, hunting large animals such as wild bulls, rhinoceroses, and even elephants is dangerous and requires a large amount of skill. This would have prevented early humans from being able to feed large groups of people who lacked the necessary skill to hunt.
While early humans were able to occasionally hunt for their food, the Agricultural Revolution allowed for humans to domesticate and breed animals simply to be eaten.
Of the many animals that were domesticated, the ones that possibly had the greatest effect on human history were the cow and the chicken. Cows are larger than most animals humans would have been able to hunt and provide more meat, as well as skin, bone, and other parts that could be used. One of the greatest things about cows is their ability to produce large quantities of milk, which could be easily harvested and turned into cheese and other dairy products.
Chickens provide even more meat for their size than cows do, as well as eggs. While they don’t provide as much food as cows do, chickens are easier to domesticate and require less resources to feed. This makes them a popular choice in areas where food is scarce.
Domestication of animals is not without its downsides, however. While the tamed animals are easier to obtain food from, they also eliminate the need to hunt for it. Since humans no longer needed to spend time searching for their next meal, they had more free time in which they could do more important things.
This is thought to be one of the factors that led to the creation of writing, mathematics, science, and religion.
While the Agricultural Revolution led to a boom in the human population, it also had a dark side. With more people inhabiting the earth and a sudden rise in the amount of available food, disease began to spread like wildfire. People were living in closer proximity to one another, which led to the spread of disease.
This, in addition to humans domesticating animals at an alarming rate, caused many forests to be cut down in order to create more space for people to live. Since humans weren’t hunters anymore, they had no need for bows or other weapons. The wood from the trees could be made into other things, and since most people by this time had stopped worshiping natural spirits, there was no longer any need to appease them.
This led to more deforestation and less places for animals to live. With less space, animals were able to breed less, and many species became extinct as a result. With less wildlife around, insects began to breed more, leading to more disease that would wipe out more humans.
It became a vicious cycle that lasted for centuries and gradually led to humanity’s collapse.
Return to Humanity
By the time the cycle ended, very few humans remained. Those who did were mainly scattered tribes in less-populated areas such as mountains, forests, and other wild places. Unlike their technologically advanced ancestors, the new humans lived a much simpler life.
They had no written language, no system of math, no formal government, and no formal religion. There was no such thing as entertainment; music, storytelling, and art were solely used as a way to communicate with the supernatural.
After the first few centuries had passed, people started to notice differences in each other. While they could all communicate with one another, some seemed to be better at it than others. These people seemed to have a ‘gift’ that others lacked.
It was at this point in history that the first ‘witches’ and ‘warlocks’ appeared.
Though their magical abilities were limited, it was enough to help their tribes. A witch could help ensure that a hunt would be successful, or help cure a sick child. For the first time in history, magic was recognized as having a practical purpose.
However, much like in the past, some witches and warlocks began to abuse their power. Lording their abilities over others and coming to believe that they were superior to everyone else. This led to conflict within tribes, and eventually these ‘dark witches’ and ‘warlocks’ were banished from their tribes.
These outcasts eventually banded together and formed their own tribes, Sabrina’s ancestors among them.
Life for these exiles wasn’t easy. Without the support of their community, they often found themselves struggling to survive. It was during this time that the dark witches experimented with their powers in order to better defend themselves.
This experimentation led to the creation of ‘dark magic,’ a corrupted and twisted version of the magic practiced by light witches and warlocks. Due to its extremely-immoral nature, light witches and warlocks actively tried to stop the spread of this practice.
Though dark magic was powerful, it took a heavy toll on the user. Those who used it often found themselves with short lifespans, as the constant use of dark magic could lead to mental instabilities and violent mutations. The outcast tribes were no exception, as many of them suffered from birth defects and body deformities as a result of their constant practice of dark magic.
These tribes often fought each other as much as they fought other hostile forces. Though the inhabitants of these tribes did have magic on their side, they still suffered many losses as a result of their chaotic way of life. Eventually, the toll that dark magic took on an individual’s mind and body was too much, and the outcast tribes quickly died out, leaving only one ‘sane’ group of exiles left: the one that would eventually become the Vatari tribe.
The Vatari were the only exiles who actively sought to oppose dark magic. In fact, the entire reason why they left their respective tribes was because they disagreed with the rest of their tribes’ use of dark magic. This select group was made up of an even mix of witches and warlocks.
Unlike the rest of their kind, the Vatari actively used light magic in order to combat dark magic’s negative effects. As a result, the Vatari underwent minimal mutations from practicing their magic. Though they still weren’t ‘normal’, they were no longer disfigured or physically different from birth.
However, this decision did come at a price. While light magic was effective at countering dark magic, it couldn’t produce the same effects that dark magic could. As a result, the Vatari had to be more strategic in their use of magic.
Though they initially stayed within the safety of their own tribe, the Vatari eventually decided to explore the outside world. Unsure of what they’d encounter, the tribe left their mountain homes and traveled across the land, seeing it for the first time without the fear of it killing them. While they did encounter hostile tribes like themselves, they managed to make peace with some of them, even trading magic techniques with each other.
Eventually, they ventured far enough to reach civilized lands. The Vatari were amazed by what they saw: towns that didn’t look like hastily-assembled villages, but rather actual cities; people who weren’t struggling to survive, but actually living their lives. The Vatari were a sight in these areas as well, many people finding them to be alien-looking.
However, the Vatari were met with less hostility than one might expect. This was because they often provided help to those in need.
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