The Reality of Combat and Special Forces Training
Special Operations Training Program (13) – U.S. Army Special Warfare Center and School
U.S. Army Special Warfare Center and School is located at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, United States of America, where it trains soldiers from all over the world to perform various missions in support of national security interests around the globe.
The U.S. Army’s Special Operations Command (SOCCENT) was established in 1952 and became part of the U.S.
Army in 1967, when President Lyndon B. Johnson signed legislation creating the new organization within the Department of Defense (DoD). SOCCENT conducts special warfare activities such as intelligence collection, sabotage, unconventional warfare, and direct action.
In its current form, the U.S. Army Special Operations Command (USASOC) oversees approximately 6,000 Soldiers and civilian employees whose primary mission is to conduct special operations abroad in support of DoD objectives.
DoD defines special operations as “Unconventional warfare, sabotage, counterterrorism, psychological and unconventional warfare, direct action, hostage rescue, and counterdrug operations.” The USASOC is currently organized into four main components:
1. USSOCOM: The Special Operations Command oversees the various special operations units of the U.
S. military and ensures interoperability between them.
S. Army Special Forces Command (Airborne) (USASFC)
a. 1st Special Forces Regiment: Army Special Forces (Green Berets). This is the Army’s primary counter-terrorism unit.
Trains and works with indigenous people to resist and overthrow oppressive regimes, as well as conducting other irregular warfare and direct action missions.
b. 2nd Special Forces Regiment: Airborne. This is the airborne (and waterborne) Special Forces unit, and much of its work is classified.
It is believed to have participated in the invasion of Grenada in 1983, where it was responsible for establishing and running the US-backed government afterwards.
c. 7th Special Forces Group (Airborne). This is a “heavy” special forces group, with a broader range of capabilities including armor, artillery, and infantry support.
3. Army Special Operations Aviation Command (ARSOAC)
a. 1st Special Operations Aviation Regiment: Provides helicopter and fixed-wing transport for special forces missions.
b. 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment: Provides the same services as the 1st SOAR, but is exclusively dedicated to direct action missions.
Army Civil Affairs and Psychological Operations Command (USACAPOC)
Sources & references used in this article:
From the combat medic to the forward surgical team: the Madigan model for improving trauma readiness of brigade combat teams fighting the Global War on Terror by VY Sohn, JP Miller, CA Koeller, SO Gibson… – Journal of Surgical …, 2007 – Elsevier
Fight the way you train: The role and limits of emotions in training for combat by J Gratch, S Marsella – The Brown Journal of world affairs, 2003 – JSTOR
17-OHCS levels in combat: Special Forces A team under threat of attack by PG Bourne, RM Rose, JW Mason – Archives of General …, 1968 – jamanetwork.com
Combat trauma life support training versus the original advanced trauma life support course: the impact of enhanced curriculum on final student scores by A Blumenfeld, Y Kluger, RB Abraham, M Stein… – Military …, 1997 – academic.oup.com
The Combat Trauma Life Support course: resource-constrained first responder trauma care for Special Forces medics by JF Navein, RLR Dunn – Military medicine, 2002 – academic.oup.com
Combat casualty care training for reserve forces by EG Hayunga, PL Donaldson, RA Sniffen… – Military …, 1988 – academic.oup.com
Urban combat: The ultimate extreme environment by DR Lampton, BR Clark, BW Knerr – Journal of Human …, 2003 – docs.lib.purdue.edu