The Type Of Fruit You Eat Is Important:
Fruits are very nutritious foods. They provide many essential nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, fiber and phytonutrients (plant compounds) which have been shown to improve human health. Fruits contain various beneficial substances like flavonoids and polyphenols which may reduce the risk of cancer and heart disease. There are different types of fruit including fresh fruits, dried fruits, juices and pickled products.
Types Of Fruits Are:
1. Fresh Fruits: These include apples, pears, bananas, grapes, cherries and strawberries.
All these fruits are usually eaten raw or cooked. They contain high amounts of water and sugar content which makes them good for weight loss. Some of the advantages of fresh fruits are their low calorie count and low fat content.
2. Dried Fruits: These include peaches, apricots, nectarines, plums and prunes.
They are usually stored in airtight containers. They are packed with moisture and contain little calories.
3. Juices: These include orange juice, apple cider vinegar and grapefruit juice.
They are usually mixed with other ingredients to make drinks such as lemonade or tea.
4. Pickled Products: These include pickles, kimchi, relish and mustard greens.
These are made by packing vegetables in jars with salt, vinegar or alcohol. Pickles are also called as ‘brined vegetables’.
Fruits and their nutrients:
Fruits contain a large number of nutrients. They are very beneficial for the body. Their nutrients fulfill various body requirements to maintain good health. Some of the common nutrients in fruits include fiber, water, sugar, vitamins, minerals and antioxidants.
Let us discuss these nutrients in detail:
1. Fiber: Dietary fiber is the part of a fruit that cannot be digested by the body.
It helps in digestion and bowel function. Some common sources of dietary fiber include pears, peas, beans and oatmeal.
2. Water: Fruits are almost entirely composed of water.
They are good for hydration as they replenish fluids that are lost due to sweating and breathing.
3. Sugar: Fruits contain sugar in small amounts which provide instant energy to the body when eaten.
4. Vitamins: Fruits are good sources of vitamins like vitamin A (carotenoids), vitamin C, and K.
They are also a good source of B-complex group of vitamins.
5. Minerals: Fruits are a good source of minerals like calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium and sodium.
They can help to prevent bone disorders like osteoporosis.
Oral supplements or tablets are taken through mouth and consumed orally. They are good for providing essential nutrients and minerals to body. Some of the common types of vitamins and their derivatives include retinol (vitamin A), ascorbic acid (vitamin C), cholecalciferal (vitamin D), monohydrogen potassium phosphate (vitamin K). It is always better to consult a doctor before taking any type of supplement.
Classification Of Vitamins:
Vitamins can be classified in two main groups: 1.
Sources & references used in this article:
Relationship between nondestructive firmness measurements and commercially important ripening fruit stages for peaches, nectarines and plums by C Valero, CH Crisosto, D Slaughter – Postharvest Biology and Technology, 2007 – Elsevier
The use of wild fruits in Zimbabwe by BM Campbe – Economic botany, 1987 – Springer
You are what you eat: within-subject increases in fruit and vegetable consumption confer beneficial skin-color changes by RD Whitehead, D Re, D Xiao, G Ozakinci, DI Perrett – PloS one, 2012 – journals.plos.org
Plasma vitamin C level, fruit and vegetable consumption, and the risk of new-onset type 2 diabetes mellitus: the European prospective investigation of cancer–Norfolk … by AH Harding, NJ Wareham, SA Bingham… – Archives of internal …, 2008 – jamanetwork.com