To Gi or Not To Gi: Differences Between Gi & No-Gi Grappling
There are many differences between gi and no-gi grappling. These include the following:
1) The size of the gloves (gis) used in competition.
A larger glove will provide better protection from your opponent’s punches than a smaller one.
2) The type of belt worn around the waist.
Belt means something different in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu than it does in other martial arts. Some belts are more common than others, but all belts have their place and they must be respected.
3) The number of hooks and submissions allowed in a match.
Hooks are a submission technique where your arms are wrapped tightly around your opponent’s body while your legs hold them down. Submissions allow you to stop your opponent from continuing with their offense. There are three types of submissions: chokes, arm bars and triangles. Choke is a submission that requires your opponent’s mouth shut. Arm bar is when both fighters lock each other up in a bear hug position and then the referee breaks them apart.
Triangle is when two fighters lock each other up in triangle pose which involves twisting, turning and twisting some more until the referee stops it.
4) The importance of the rubber guard.
The rubber guard is a popular position in both gi and no-gi. It involves trapping your opponent between your legs and gripping their hips while pulling, pushing and flinging them off balance.
5) The material in which the kimono is made of.
Jiu jitsu kimonos are generally made of cotton or a blend of cotton and synthetic materials. The gi can weigh up to two or three pounds, especially after it gets wet. No-gi kimonos are usually made of ripstop fabric. This means that the kimono won’t rip as easily as a traditional kimono during a match.
6) The use of the gi sleeves and collar when your opponent has you in their guard.
Having your opponent’s sleeve or collar in your hand gives you leverage over them and helps you to escape their guard. Without a gi, your opponent is unable to hold you down as effectively.
7) The use of kimono grips.
Grip fighting is when both fighters grab onto each other with their free hands and try to gain an advantage. A grip fighter will often try to reach around their opponent’s back to touch the back of one hand with the other. This can be used in combination with collar ties and sleeve grips to move your opponent around the mat.
Sources & references used in this article:
Upper GI mucosal effects of parecoxib sodium in healthy elderly subjects by RR Stoltz, SI Harris, ME Kuss, D LeComte… – The American journal of …, 2002 – Elsevier
Closing the gap or widening the divide: The effects of the GI Bill and World War II on the educational outcomes of black Americans by SE Turner, J Bound – 2002 – nber.org
Visceral hypersensitivity is associated with GI symptom severity in functional GI disorders: consistent findings from five different patient cohorts by M Simrén, H Törnblom, OS Palsson, MAL van Tilburg… – Gut, 2018 – gut.bmj.com