What Makes Thin People Prone to Diabetes?
The following are some of the most common reasons why people develop Type 2 Diabetes:
1) Obesity: Obese individuals have higher body fat levels than normal weight individuals.
When obesity occurs, it results in increased insulin resistance (the body’s inability to use glucose efficiently). Insulin resistance leads to high blood sugar levels which cause the pancreas to produce less effective insulin.
Eventually, the pancreas stops producing enough insulin to keep blood sugar levels from rising too high.
2) High Blood Sugar Levels: A combination of both factors above result in high blood sugar levels.
These high blood sugars lead to other complications such as heart disease, stroke, kidney failure or even death.
3) Lack of Exercise: Being sedentary results in lower energy expenditure and higher body fat levels.
This makes it harder for the body to burn off excess calories through exercise.
4) Genetics: Some people are genetically predisposed to developing Type 2 Diabetes.
There is no cure for the condition but there are many lifestyle changes that can be made to prevent it from getting worse.
5) Dieting: Diets low in carbohydrates and high in fats can increase the risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes.
Low carbohydrate diets often include foods like white bread, pastries, cakes, cookies and candy. These foods are digested quickly and cause blood sugar levels to rise.
6) Pregnancy: Gaining excessive weight during pregnancy can contribute to the development of Type 2 Diabetes later in life.
Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes:
While there is currently no cure for the condition, there are many things that you can do to prevent or delay the onset of Type 2 Diabetes.
1) Maintain a healthy weight: Avoid excessive weight gain through diet and exercise.
2) Eat a well-balanced diet: Focus on eating foods rich in complex carbohydrates and unsaturated fats such as whole grain breads and cereals, nuts, fresh fruit and vegetables.
3) Get regular exercise: Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate intensity exercise on most days of the week.
4) If you are pregnant, try to maintain a healthy weight gain through regular exercise and a nutritious diet.
5) If you have other risk factors for Type 2 Diabetes (e.
g. excessive weight gain, family history, high blood pressure or high cholesterol), speak with your doctor about changing your lifestyle now to prevent the condition from developing in the future.
Thin people also get diabetes. It doesn’t matter how much a person exercises or how much one diets, if the pancreas isn’t producing enough insulin, blood sugar levels will rise to dangerous levels.
Although everyone’s body is different, there are common risk factors that make a person more prone to developing Type 2 Diabetes. These risk factors include:
1) Family History: If close family members (e.
g. parents, children, siblings) have or have had Type 2 Diabetes, you are at higher risk of developing the condition yourself.
2) Age: The older you get, the more likely you are to develop Type 2 Diabetes.
After the age of 40, the incidence of Type 2 Diabetes in adults begins to rise.
3) Obesity: The more overweight you are, the higher your risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes.
It doesn’t matter if you are overweight through lack of exercise or overeating, your risk is elevated.
4) Colds and Flus: People who get frequent colds and flus have a lower insulin response.
This means that the body is not effectively dealing with large amounts of glucose in the blood stream, increasing the risk of diabetes.
Sources & references used in this article:
Epidemiology of type 2 diabetes: Indian scenario. by V Mohan, S Sandeep, R Deepa, B Shah… – The Indian journal of …, 2007 – mdrf-eprints.in
Diabetes mellitus: Hypoxia of the islets of Langerhans resulting from the systematic rest prone on the back after a meal? by AK Dynyak, AA Dynyak, FV Popova – Medical hypotheses, 2010 – Elsevier
Diabetes and its awful toll quietly emerge as a crisis by NR Kleinfield – New York Times, 2006 – academia.edu
Can’t stomach it: How Michael Pollan et al. made me want to eat Cheetos by J Guthman – Gastronomica, 2007 – online.ucpress.edu