What You Need to Know About Hormone Testing: Which Test to Get and Why
Testosterone Levels in Women
Hormonal Imbalance Symptoms in Females
Testosterone levels are higher in women than men. Men have lower testosterone levels than women. Testosterone is one of the most important hormones for maintaining male physical characteristics such as muscle mass, bone density, body hair growth and sexual drive. High testosterone level may cause some health problems like heart disease, high cholesterol and prostate cancer.
Low testosterone level may lead to depression and low libido among other things.
The average male’s testosterone level is between 300 ng/dL and 400 ng/dL. Average female’s testosterone level is around 200 ng/dL. If your woman has normal or slightly elevated testosterone levels then it means she doesn’t suffer from any health problem related to her high testosterone level. However if your woman has very low or borderline normal levels then she might have a condition caused by low testosterone.
Common symptoms of low testosterone in females:
Skin problems such as acne and dry skin
Facial hair growth (sideburns, mustache, chin and upper lip hair)
Mood swings and depression
Less or no sexual desire
Erectile dysfunction in women (inability to achieve erection)
High blood pressure and cholesterol levels
Sleep apnea or daytime sleepiness without a known reason
Growth of body hair
Thinning of hair or hair loss
Irregular periods or amenorrhea
How to know if your woman needs a testosterone blood test?
If you experience any of the common symptoms mentioned above along with other health related problems then your woman has to see a physician immediately. If your woman shows some of the above mentioned symptoms and she is experiencing infertility problems then a blood test is needed. The doctor will order a testosterone level test. If your woman has other signs of hormonal imbalance then the physician will order test for other hormones such as estrogen, progesterone and LH. In addition to that if you are suffering from a condition called amenhorrea or absent menstrual periods then also your doctor is likely to order a testosterone blood test.
The above information is about female hormone test list.
Hormonal Imbalance Symptoms in Females
What are Hormones?
Hormones are chemicals which are produced in one part of the body and cause changes in the functions of other parts of the body. Hormones have two main functions:
Regulating the functions of different organs in the body. Regulating growth, development and reproduction.
The endocrine system releases hormones in the blood which travel through the blood vessels to different organs where they trigger or inhibit various functions within those organs. The endocrine system is a complex system and maintaining its correct working order is crucial for the health of your body.
Various hormones within the endocrine system are produced in different parts of the body. The pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal glands, pancreas, ovaries and testes are all organs which produce hormones which are vital to the endocrine system functioning correctly.
What is hormonal imbalance?
Hormonal imbalance occurs when the endocrine system is no longer able to produce the correct amounts of hormones to regulate bodily functions. If there is too much of a certain hormone, this is known as hypersecretion, and if there is not enough of a certain hormone this is known as hyposecretion. Either condition can lead to a hormonal imbalance.
Hormonal imbalances can occur for a number of reasons and they can affect one or more of the endocrine glands. There are a number of tests available to help determine if a hormonal imbalance exists, and what that imbalance might be. The most common types of test used are blood tests and biopsy. A blood test is where a small amount of blood is taken from a patient and tested for the presence of certain hormones.
A biopsy is a more invasive procedure and involves taking a small sample of a patient’s tissue to be tested.
What are the causes of hormonal imbalance?
There are many reasons why an individual might suffer from hormonal imbalance. Some of these reasons are psychological, such as stress, whilst other reasons may be more physical in nature, such as a tumor. Other causes may be side effects of medication or as a result of another illness.
The most common causes of hormonal imbalance in women are:
The most common causes of hormonal imbalance in men are:
What are the symptoms of hormonal imbalance?
The symptoms which people experience as a result of a hormonal imbalance can vary depending upon which hormones are causing the problem. In some cases, a hormonal imbalance can cause no symptoms at all, but in other cases the symptoms can be very severe.
The most common symptoms of hormonal imbalance include:
Abnormal menstrual periods, such as erratic or very heavy periods.
Trouble getting pregnant, or infertility.
Depression or reduced drive and motivation.
Reduction in muscle mass, increase in fat storage and loss of strength.
Vaginal dryness, as well as decreased elasticity of the skin and internal organs.
Increased likelihood of bone fractures.
Decreased immune response.
Increase in cholesterol levels and heart disease.
Reduction in body hair, hair loss and greyness of hair.
Reduced levels of energy and alertness.
Sleep disturbances, such as insomnia or constant sleepiness.
Accelerated aging, particularly noticeable in the skin and bones.
How is hormonal imbalance diagnosed?
Healthcare professionals can make a diagnosis of hormonal imbalance by taking a detailed medical history of the patient and by performing a physical examination. It needs to be determined which hormones are causing the problem and if there is an underlying cause for the hormonal imbalance, such as an untreated tumor.
In some cases, healthcare professionals may request blood tests to determine hormone levels, however in other cases, such as with Cushing’s Disease, a simple physical examination is often sufficient to make a diagnosis. In other cases such as hypogonadism or andropause, specific tests can be carried out to confirm the diagnosis. These might include a bone density test, or tests to determine sexual dysfunction which can be caused by low testosterone levels.
In some cases, if the cause of the hormonal imbalance is not immediately apparent, a biopsy of certain parts of the body may be required to provide further testing.
Sources & references used in this article:
What You Need to Know About Hormone Testing: Which Test to Get and Why by V Bennington, WHDWW To, CL Of – breakingmuscle.com
Intraoperative parathyroid hormone testing improves cure rates in patients undergoing minimally invasive parathyroidectomy by H Chen, Z Pruhs, JR Starling, E Mack – Surgery, 2005 – Elsevier
Why we may abandon basal follicle-stimulating hormone testing: a sea change in determining ovarian reserve using antimüllerian hormone by JP Toner, DB Seifer – Fertility and sterility, 2013 – Elsevier
“So what happens next?” exploring the psychological and emotional impact of anti-Mullerian hormone testing by SV Haustein, E Mack, JR Starling, H Chen – Surgery, 2005 – Elsevier