Why You Can’t Compare Resistance and Repetition Efforts
The reason why you cannot compare resistance and repetition efforts is because there are so many factors involved. For example:
1) There is no such thing as “one” way to train; all types of training have advantages and disadvantages.
2) All types of training have different goals, which means they will respond differently to exercise programs.
3) Different types of exercises require different amounts of time to complete.
Therefore, it takes longer to build muscle mass with some types of exercises than others.
4) Some types of exercises produce greater gains in strength and size than others.
5) Strength training requires more energy expenditure (calories burned).
Thus, it produces less fat loss results than cardio training does.
6) Cardio training is better at burning calories than strength training.
7) Cardio training may improve your cardiovascular fitness, but it doesn’t necessarily make you a healthier person.
In addition, there are other factors that affect how much weight you can lift or how fast you can run. These include:
1) Your body composition (how lean or muscular you are), your age, and the amount of sleep you get.
2) How much food you are eating and the types of food you eat.
(Gaining mass requires a caloric surplus and eating plenty of protein.)
With this in mind, it should be clear that there are many factors involved in gaining muscle mass or losing fat. These are just some of them.
Now, let’s get into the individual types of exercises and how they affect strength, size, and endurance. I will try to be as brief as possible.
Resistance Training Exercises
Resistance training focuses on increasing strength. It also increases muscular size to some degree in most individuals. Now you’re probably wondering what types of exercises fall under this category.
Types of resistance training exercises:
1) Weight lifting (Olympic lifting, power lifting, body building)
2) Body weight training (calisthenics, yoga, Tai Chi)
3) Machines that use gravity (for example: the leg press machine) or machines that use resistance cables (for example:
the cable crossover machine)
4) Isolated exercises that use machines to move your body in a particular range of motion (for example:
Sources & references used in this article:
Ability to predict repetitions to momentary failure is not perfectly accurate, though improves with resistance training experience by J Steele, A Endres, J Fisher, P Gentil, J Giessing – PeerJ, 2017 – peerj.com
A comparison between the pre-and self-determined approaches to prescribing repetition numbers in resistance training by H Schwartz, A Emanuel, IR Smukas, I Halperin – 2020 – osf.io
Resistance and repetition: Freud and Hegel by R Comay – Research in phenomenology, 2015 – brill.com
Retelling stories in organizations: Understanding the functions of narrative repetition by SL Dailey, L Browning – Academy of Management Review, 2014 – journals.aom.org
Eight weeks of resistance training can significantly alter body composition in children who are overweight or obese by MR McGuigan, M Tatasciore, RU Newton… – The Journal of …, 2009 – journals.lww.com
Baseball throwing speed and base running speed: The effects of ballistic resistance training by KP McEvoy, RU Newton – The Journal of Strength & Conditioning …, 1998 – hydra-gym.com
Baseball throwing velocity: A comparison of medicine ball training and weight training by RU Newton, KP McEvoy – J Strength Cond Res, 1994 – topvelocity.net